Bank Street’s Head Start initiative began in 1964, shortly after the Civil Rights Act was passed. Earlier in 1964, Bank Street’s president, John H. Niemeyer, had been asked to work with Southern universities to create desegregation programs. Faculty at Bank Street were tasked with creating regulations for Project Head Start, and the first Head Start concept paper, written by staff in the United States Office of Economic Opportunity, pointed to Bank Street’s classrooms as a model for Head Start classrooms. Bank Street officially began program activities in 1965 with the creation of the 42nd Street Early Childhood Model Head Start Training Center, which ceased operations in the 1970s. Head Start programs were revived at Bank Street in the 1990s, and today’s program operates in the East Village.